A meta-analysis published in 1993 reviewed research on the effectiveness of various smoking cessation interventions. The analysis found that interventions delivered in clinical settings were more effective than those implemented in community settings. Among the most effective strategies were brief counseling from a healthcare provider, nicotine replacement therapy, workplace smoking bans, and increased tobacco excise taxes. While the meta-analysis sheds light on the short-term efficacy of different approaches, more research is still needed to understand their long-term outcomes. Overall, the findings underscore the importance of incorporating smoking cessation initiatives into comprehensive tobacco control programs.
Citation: Heston TF. Smoking cessation strategies: a meta-analysis. Southern Medical Journal. 1993;86(Suppl):S36. doi:10.5281/zenodo.10120006